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SAS OLAP Cubes: Percent of Total MDX Calculation

Submitted by on December 6, 2011 – 7:00 am

MDX is a powerful tool for building custom calculations in SAS OLAP cubes.  Here is a good example of computing the percent of total for a given measure and given hierarchy in a dimension.  This code is written as part of the PROC OLAP procedure.

DEFINE Member “[SGF].[Measures].[Percent of Total Sales]” AS

‘(

  [Product].[Product].CurrentMember, [Measures].[SalesSum])/

  if(([Product].[Product].CurrentMember.Parent

       , [Measures].[SalesSum]) = 0

  OR   ([Product].[Product].CurrentMember.Parent

       , [Measures].[SalesSum]) = NULL

       , ([Product].[Product].CurrentMember

       , [Measures].[SalesSum])

       , ([Product].[Product].CurrentMember.Parent

      , [Measures].[SalesSum])

),  FORMAT_STRING=”PERCENT10.2″ ‘ ;

The important thing to realize here is that this MDX code is specific to a hierarchy.  I have made the hierarchy references bold in the example above to show this.  I will go into how to make this part of the code dynamic in a future post.  This MDX calculation does basic division to compute a percentage by using the “CurrentMember” and “Parent” MDX functions to dynamically reference aggregations at the parent or “total” level for a given measure.

Here is the example output:

SAS BI OLAP Cube MDX Calculation Examples

SAS BI OLAP Cube MDX Calculation Examples

Example code and data can be found here: http://stephenoverton.net/SASCode/SGF2011/.

Bryan Stines and I wrote a paper for SAS Global Forum 2011 called  Measures, Members, and Sets, Oh My! Advanced OLAP Techniques, which also describes this technique.

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With about 7 years of experience working with SAS solutions, Steve owns and manages his own SAS-partnered consulting company, Overton Technologies (http://www.overtontechnologies.com), based in Raleigh, North Carolina. He develops SAS Business Intelligence and Data Warehousing solutions specializing in data integration, data architecture design, ETL processing, OLAP technology, systems architecture, dashboards, reporting and analytics. Additional publications and sample code can be found at http://www.stephenoverton.net. Enjoy the knowledge!

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